Month: October 2013

Nairobi’s resilience after Westgate attack

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By Florence Gichoya

Nairobi is a leading economic hub in the East Africa region and its growing economy attracts Kenyan and international investors. Various multi-nationals have set up their offices and small medium enterprises (SMEs) continue to grow and offer employment to many Kenyans.

The city is also a tourist attraction with diverse destinations for visitors for instance: the Nairobinational park is unique in the world, Karura forest where visitors can go for nature trails andBomas of Kenya which is a vibrant cultural village. The city is a melting pot of different cultures, there is plenty of various cuisines from different parts of the world.

Tourism is a major foreign exchange earner in Kenya. According to Moody’s Investment Services and the World Travel and Tourism Council, tourism generates 14% of Kenya’s GDP and employs 12% of Kenya’s workforce.

Kenyans were horrified when the terror group Al shabab attackedWestgate shopping mall in Westlands area of Nairobi. The terrorists killed 67 people and injured over 176 innocent Kenyans. This is the worst terror attack on Kenyan soil since the August 7th 1998 US embassy bombing in Nairobi by the Al qaeda where 224 lives were lost.

The attack got many experts and analysts’ worried if the country would experience economic repercussions as a result. Will the country achieve its projected economic growth? Will tourists numbers decrease? Will western countries issue travel advisories?There shouldn’t be any cause of alarm, for instance during the week of the Westgate siege the Kenya shilling remained stable.There are many cities that have bounced back after a terror attack for instance, New York after the twin towers attack in 2011. London has also bounced back after an attack on its underground trains and a double decker bus in 2005.

Westgate shopping mall before the terror attack
Westgate shopping mall before the terror attack

With the exception of United States, the European Union member countries have not issued travel advisories therefore the tourists numbers will not be largely affected.After the attack, Kenya’s tourism cabinet secretary Phyllis Kandieaddressed the media and said that, “This was a very unfortunate, isolated case and it’s being managed.” She further emphasized that the attack was a small hiccup in Kenya’s resilient tourism sector which is expected to have a long term growth.

According to the African Economic Outlook 2013 report which was released after the westgate attack, it projects the Kenyan economy will grow at a rate between 4.5 per cent and 5.5 per cent this year.

African Development Bank’s Regional Director for the East Africa Resource Centre, Gabriel Negatu said that there will be short term shocks but the economy will be able to withstand these shocks in the long term. He also said that the growth prospects for Kenya are good.Devolution and Planning Cabinet Secretary Anne Waiguru, projects the country’s economy will grow by 6.1%.

Kenyans are resilient people, after the attack they were united in donating blood and raised over 100 million shillings for those affected. The government also needs to play its part of increasing security surveillance in all areas of the country.

The country has been hit hard but the Kenyan spirit has emerged stronger and Kenya will recover and surprise the critics. Indeed Nairobi is the place to be.


New farming technologies to guarantee food Security in Nairobi

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By Florence Gichoya

There is increased population in Nairobi due to the rural – urban migration in search of jobs. The city has over 3 million inhabitants who live and work here. The high population and limited land resources in Nairobi has threatened food security for its habitants. In Nairobi, majority of the inhabitants survive on one meal per day and there have been reported cases of child malnutrition in slum areas

In the past year, there has been a surge in food prices yet the source of income has remained constant. The change in climate in the country has also led to sporadic food shortages in different parts of the country. Diversification in food production is essential in mitigating food shortage across the country. This can be achieved if Kenyans are encouraged to adopt new farming technologies that will increase crop yields.

I attended the Nairobi International Trade Fair organized by Agricultural Society of Kenya. The Ministry of Agriculture showcased different urban and Peri-urban technologies that can be applied by Nairobi residents in their backyards. For instance the multi-storey garden, a mobile garden than can be set up in a very small space yet bring a lot of returns to feed a family and entrepreneurial opportunities.

A multi storey garden that was showcased during the 2013 Nairobi International Trade Fair
A multi storey garden that was showcased during the 2013 Nairobi International Trade Fair

Multi-storey garden


1.       Open space of 2 by 2metres

2.      Polythene paper with strong elasticity so that it’s able to hold the soil. It should be 1.5 metres long

3.   Soil mixed with manure (five wheelbarrows)

4.       Ballast (one wheelbarrow)

5.      A tin (get a 2kg tin and remove the bottom part so that it’s the shape of a cylinder)

6.       Four wooden posts 2 meters long

7.       150 seedlings

8.       Water

9.       Labour

How to make a multi-storey garden

          Place the four wooden posts at the corners in the polythene bag to hold the weight of the soil

          Place the tin at the center in the polythene bag and put ballast in it

         Fill the polythene bag with the soil and ensure the ballast column is in the middle. Don’t press the soil to ensure the roots grow

          The ballast will ensure that the water to spread evenly in the bag when you water it

          In some areas of Nairobi that have cotton soil, one should use a lot of manure

          Water for two days before planting

         Using a knife or a sharp stick, make holes on the polythene bag where you’ll plant the seedlings. The holes should be 20cm apart

          Transplant the vegetable seedlings from the nursery to your multi-storey garden

          Water the plants twice a day

Ruth Nyasera, a Ministry of Agriculture official, said that “Nairobi can adequately feed itself if the city dwellers would take advantage of new farming technologies. You only need a small open space and little capital”. The polythene bag can hold 150 plants and provide food security for a year. The soil in the polythene bag can be changed after 3 years.

Integrated farming technologies can offer lasting solutions and provide food for Nairobi and its environs.